2 edition of Pastoralists and the development of pastoralism found in the catalog.
Pastoralists and the development of pastoralism
1980 by Department of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen in Bergen [Norway] .
Written in English
Bibliography: p. 203-215.
|Series||African savannah studies, Occasional paper -- no. 20, Occasional paper (Universitetet i Bergen. Sosialantropologisk institutt) -- no. 20.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||viii, 226, 11 p. :|
|Number of Pages||226|
New threats are appearing, as well as opportunities. Stephen Sandford 5. Hence pastoralists can maintain farm animal genetic resources by conserving local livestock breeds. Yet new opportunities are opening up: better communications, transport and large shifts in trade are changing the commercial landscape. John Morton The Sahelian drought of the late s and early s, however, gradually turned the attention of researchers towards pastoralists and the role they could play in national development.
But pastoral development linked to the growth of the livestock economy in the Horn is not all plain sailing. This is not to say that the media images of conflict, famine, destitution and death are not real. In this region, so plagued by poverty, this is no small sum of money. This helps them in getting crucial information about climate and availability of pastures at various locations.
But it is not all disaster and catastrophe. Edited by Andy Catley, Jeremy Lind and Ian Scoones, Pastoralism and Development In Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins highlights innovation and entrepreneurialism, cooperation and networking and diverse approaches which are rarely in line with standard development prescriptions. The policy draws on a central argument of this new book, being that innovative and dynamic changes are occurring in pastoralist areas in response to increasing livestock marketing opportunities, domestically, regionally and internationally, and these changes are providing substantial but often hidden economic benefits. But, as in other emerging economies, growth comes with inequality. Professor Peter Little, writing the final chapter, remembers the conference on the same topic 30 years before in Nairobi: "I am struck by how many of the cautionary trends that were described - and even hypothesized - at the earlier meeting are reflected in this book, but in amplified form and across much larger areas. It is found in areas of low rainfall such as the Arabian Peninsula inhabited by Bedouinsas well as Northeast Africa inhabited by Somalis where camel, sheep and goat nomadic pastoralism is especially common.
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It further advances the debate and deepens our understanding of pastoralism and its dynamics in the drylands of Africa, providing a nuanced and differentiated analysis of its potential and limitations in the face of new opportunities and challenges.
Food crises and a lack of government support are fuelling concerns that pastoralist livelihoods are unviable, both as a way of life and a system of producing food. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it.
Pastoralists are responding to social and economic changes in different ways. The outcomes have often been disastrous.
The pastoralist was also seen as an avaricious herder, only interested in increasing the size of his herds causing desertification. In far western Nepal, ethnic Tibetans living in Dolpo and other valleys north among the high Himalaya moved their herds north to winter on the plains of the upper Brahmaputra basin in Tibet proper, until this practice was prohibited after China took over Tibet in — High civilization is based on agriculture where tax-paying peasants support landed aristocrats, kings, cities, literacy and scholars.
He stresses the need on the part of governments and agencies concerned with pastoral development to shed their bias against pastoralists and to accept that "Pastoral production systems are the results of generations of adaptive behaviour and knowledge by populations in Arid Lands" p.
Political boundaries are based on environmental boundaries. Nenets reindeer herders in Russia Pastoralism has been shown, "based on a review of many studies, to be between 2 and 10 times more productive per unit of land than the capital intensive alternatives that have been put forward".
When pastoral and agrarian societies went to war, horse-borne mobility counterbalanced greater numbers. Lands long used for pastoralism have transformed under the forces of grazing livestock and anthropogenic fire. Includes bibliographical references p. This cross-border activity can occasionally lead to tensions with national governments as this activity is often informal and beyond their control and regulation.
Fratkin plausibly argues that although the missions had rendered important services in education, health and infrastructural development their short-sighted goal of "settling" the pastoralists in an area where the rain fall is less than mm per year created the dependence of many pastoralists on relief-food and facilitated Book Reviews the impoverishment and vulnerability of the pastoral communities.
And once again the news has been bad: drought, famine, conflict, hunger, suffering and death. Resources[ edit ] Pastoralism occurs in uncultivated areas. The poor, without access to livestock, land or employment, lose out. A new government Ministry was formed in aimed to create policy and institutional change.
Hence pastoralists can maintain farm animal genetic resources by conserving local livestock breeds. Pastoralists often trade with or raid their agrarian neighbors. In the last few years, a few other works have challenged this paternalistic view. An example of a normal nomadic cycle in the northern hemisphere is: Spring early April to the end of June — transition Summer end of June to late September — a higher plateau Autumn mid-September to end of November — transition Winter from December to the end of March — desert plains.its development partners, including the World Bank, the African Development Bank, and others, to develop the lowland pastoral areas have yielded modest results.
Though more than 12 million pastoralists and agropastoralists in Ethiopia inhabit and act as custodians of about. Pastoralism and development in Africa: dynamic change at the margins. Pastoralists and Irrigation in the Horn of Africa: Time for a Rethink? in the Greater Horn of Africa, there is much to be learned from development successes, large and small.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars with an interest in development. This is true of development schemes imposed by national African governments, just as it is true of international aid schemes. This book provides a fresh look at these intricate issues, and explores the way in which farming and traditional pastoral livelihoods have strengthened rather than weakened in the face of government reforms.
Based on over twenty-five years of research and fieldwork, the Second Edition of Ariaal Pastoralists of Kenya: Studying Pastoralism, Drought, and Development in Africa's Arid Lands, offers a highly readable and often humorous ethnographic description of the Maasai-speaking society of East Africa.
This unique text details the story of how one society of livestock herders in northern Kenya has.
Apr 04, · 10) - of development and environmental conservation models that sacrifice rural livelihoods and societies. Most notably, by couching its research firmly in the lived experience of pastoral communities, this book succeeds where others have failed in soldiering beyond common questions about pastoralists.
Instead, it conducts crucial and timely Author: Tracy Burnett. The book provides cause for optimism as well as pause for thought, since pastoralism is evidently thriving in drylands that are also home to some of the world’s worst poverty.
The book illustrates how sustainable pastoralist development depends on development partners doing what pastoralists have always done: managing complexity.'.